How to test whether a computer’s functioning procedure is accredited | Q&A with Patrick Marshall

Q: My 10-12 months-outdated Samsung laptop had a catastrophic crash. I took it to a nearby fix store and the tech/proprietor mentioned the total generate and facts could not be recovered. He also stated the functioning process on the notebook was an unlawful unlicensed duplicate of Windows 10.

I gave him permission to install a new solid-state 500GB travel. He also put in Home windows 10. He did not tell me the resource of this new working process.

When I obtained home and accessed the household website page of the new running system I noticed a folder titled “kms2020function.” I’m assuming this has anything to do with Windows 10. Is this a authorized Microsoft products?

And how could he know the authentic Home windows was unlicensed? When I acquired the notebook new it arrived preinstalled with Windows 10, presumably put in by Samsung.

Richard Rice

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A: There are a selection of methods to determine if your duplicate of Windows 10 is reputable, but the most basic is to simply click on the Windows icon in the far still left corner of the endeavor bar and then form “run” in the search field. A window will pop open with a subject the place you can enter “slmgr.vbs /dli.” That will induce yet another window to pop open up that will show the license position.

And of course, if you acquired the laptop new with Windows 10 preinstalled I’d be very surprised if the functioning procedure was not certified. If the generate was unrecoverable and the operating method was not working I’m at a reduction to explain how the technician could decide the model of Home windows you had been working with was not certified.

Q: In a new column you expanded on a dialogue about the have to have for membership or house-built VPNs in light-weight of the fact that address protocol https:// is now encrypted. Of training course, that is legitimate as soon as the secure link is set up with the focus on website server. To get there, nevertheless, your link ask for must initially go by your ISP unencrypted. This lets your ISP to accumulate information on what web sites you take a look at. And they have your individual information and facts these types of as title, address, ZIP code and phone amount and maybe even additional information that they gathered when you signed up for their provider.

They can correlate that data and then who understands what variety of information they provide to 3rd get-togethers? A subscription VPN provider only allows your ISP to see that you are heading to the VPN server. The details and your genuine vacation spot are encrypted all the way from your Computer system to the focus on. Of program, the VPN provider would know where by you are going, but their small business model is primarily based on not divulging that information. Their phrases of provider point out that they do not save any of your website traffic info. At minimum that is accurate for the kinds I seemed at.

Bruce Zelazosk

A: Good point.

Connecting to a internet site that works by using HTTPS means that your conversation with that site is encrypted but it does not necessarily mean that an ISP (or a hacker) can not see that you went to that web site. So the problem is, do you care if an individual appreciates what sites you take a look at? If you do, yes, use a professional VPN.